Visegrad Fund
Equal and Poor: A comparative perspective on Art in Communist Europe and the Global South in the long 1970s

The conference is the final chapter of a four-part conference series organized in the framework of the project Resonances: Regional and Transregional Cultural Transfer in the Art of the 1970s. 

As part of the Resonances project, the fourth international conference will be held in Poznan as the second East-Central European Art Forum of the Piotr Piotrowski Center for Research On East-Central European Art (Faculty of Art Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań). During the event, cooperation between the Center and the Arsenal Gallery in Poznań will be inaugurated in the aspect of substantive supervision of the NET archive, handed over by Jarosław Kozłowski as a deposit to the city of Poznan in 2022. The collection is in the custody of Poznan’s Arsenal Gallery and – in accordance with the wishes of its director Prof. Marek Wasilewski and Jarosław Kozłowski – the substantive care of the collection will be provided by the Piotr Piotrowski Center for Research on East-Central European Art.


The Equal and Poor conference will focus on the types of cooperation between artists from Eastern Europe and the Global South in the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s, which, as Piotr Piotrowski argued in his recent book, was based on a different approach to both art and cooperation. In the case of Eastern Europe, it was informative, according to Piotrowski, but a formative attitude prevailed among Global South artists. The conference will address recent Latin American theoretical approaches, such as Ana Longoni’s theory of artistic activism applied to the art of the 1970s and to the East-South exchange networks developed primarily via mail art and experimental poetry practices.


The Equal and Poor will aim at revealing to what extent artistic connections and collaborations were/could be inscribed in the processes of epistemic delinking (desprendrerse), which, as argued by Walter Mignolo, questions both the rhetoric of modernity and the logic of the coloniality of power, present in American relations with Europe. The purpose of the conference is to separate the liaisons between them. In this perspective, the East-South connections will be then seen as a type of international cultural relations and co-operations that challenge the modern colonial world order by contributing considerably to the unveiling of the logic of coloniality. The conference will also refer to the concept of “simultaneous avantgarde” (vanguardia simultánea) as introduced by Andrea G. Giunta, to bring to light the inadequacy of the concepts and categories of the Eurocentric or Western-centric discourses on modern art.

 The conference is the final chapter of a four-part conference series organized in the framework of the project Resonances: Regional and Transregional Cultural Transfer in the Art of the 1970s. Resonances is a long-term research project realized in cooperation with Andrea Euringer Bátorová (Department of Art History, Comenius University, Bratislava); Dávid Fehér, Emese Kürti, Zsuzsa László (Central European Research Institute for Art History-KEMKI, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest); Lujza Kotočová, Pavlína Morganová, Dagmar Svatosova (Academic Research Centre of the Academy of Fine Arts (VVP AVU), Prague, and Hana Buddeus (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Art History).


Image: Angelo de Aquino, Through Myself, 1973, Galeria Akumulatory 2, Poznań

Program and videos
March 17, 2023 (Friday) ZAMEK Cultural Center, New Scene Św. Marcin Street 80/82, Poznań
Title: Abstract/Video
09:00 - 11:00
Session 1: Equality of Peripheries? Art during Dictatorship
09:00 - 09:15
09:15 - 10:00
Equal, but Poor: (Dis)Connections and Parallel Forms of Aesthetic Resistance to the Political in Eastern Europe and South America in the 1970s-1980
10:00 - 10:20
A Cultural Guerrilla Warfare? The Experimental Art Scene in Lima During Velasco Alvarado’s Administration (1968-1975)
10:20 - 10:40
Peripheral Collaborations: Contacts of Ryszard Stanisławski and the Muzeum Sztuki in Łódź with South and Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s
10:40 - 11:00
Raúl Martínez and his "Cuban theatre": Cultural Cooperation between Czechoslovakia and Cuba
11:00 - 11:15
Coffee break
11:15 - 12:15
Session 2: Resilient Art & Bureaucratization
11:15 - 11:35
A Man of Crowd Resilient Practices, Imaginary Turns, and the Death of the Author
11:35 - 11:55
The Paradox of Art as Work: Between the Artists’ and Museum’s Imagination of the Work Ethic in the Age of Bureaucratization
11:55 - 12:15
Documentality and the Aesthetic of Administration in East-Central European Art
12:15 - 12:45
12:45 - 14:00
Lunch Break
14:00 - 15:00
Session 3: NETworking Equality and Poverty
14:00 - 14:15
Opening 2
14:15 - 15:00
Jarosław Kozłowski, NET & Work – Interviewed by Katarzyna Cytlak & Magdalena Radomska
15:00 - 15:15
Coffee break
15:15 - 16:40
Session 4: Comparative Perspective & Solidarity
15:15 - 15:35
Ping-Pong Masks: Politics of Language Games by Lenora de Barros and Július Koller
15:35 - 15:55
The Afterlives of Serfdom: Teresa Murak and New Genealogies of Land Art in Socialist Poland
15:55 - 16:40
Reversed Net from South-East Active Solidarity in the 1970s to Current Dilemmas
16:40 - 17:10
March 18, 2023 (Saturday)
Title: Abstract/Video
09:00 - 10:25
Session 5: Peripheries of the World – Unite!
09:00 - 09:45
Teaching and Learning Eastern European and Latin American Art Together
09:45 - 10:05
Graphic Images and Practices: Exchange between Bulgaria and Latin America in the 1960s and Early 1970s: Politically Engaged / Autonomous Art
10:05 - 10:25
Poverty and Class Consciousness: Beyond Superstructural Analysis of Art in East-Central Europe and Global South
10:25 - 10:40
Coffee break
10:40 - 11:40
Session 6: Exhibiting South East
10:40 - 11:00
The “Invisible” Global South: A Case Study of the 1970s East-Central European Exhibitions’ Geography
11:00 - 11:20
India’s Triennale of 1968
11:20 - 11:40
Man in the Machine: Vilém Flusser and Xerographic Actions in São Paulo (1977-1982)
12:10 - 13:25
Lunch break
13:25 - 14:25
Session 7: Correspondences & Peripheral Connections
13:25 - 13:45
Beyond Compare: Horazio Zabala vs Josef Jankovič or Could East European Art be Decolonial?
Videopost (1977): A Transnational Video Art Project Organised through the Solidarity of Mail-Art Networks
14:05 - 14:25
Gallery in a Post Box
Coffee break
14:40 - 16:55
Session 8: Global South & Beyond
14:40 - 15:00
Long-Distance Friendships: Unwritten Stories from the Baltics and Global South
15:00 - 15:20
The Last Modern Art Exhibition in the 1970s Czechoslovakia?
15:20 - 15:40
Crystalist Conceptualism in Sudan and Polish Peoples’ Republic of Poland
15:40 - 16:25
Closing Lecture
16:25 - 16:55
Closing discussion